• Age

    - Risk increases with age.1
  • Family history

    – If your father or brother was diagnosed with heart disease before 55 years of age, or if your mother or sister was diagnosed before 65 years of age, you are at greater risk.1

  • Gender

    – Women generally have heart attacks a decade or so later in life than men, and are more likely to die from them.2

  • Smoking

    – Smoking triggers plaque build-up and increases the chance for blood clots.1
  • Inactivity

    – Lack of exercise makes other risk factors, such as high blood pressure, cholesterol, obesity and diabetes, worse.1

  • Diabetes

    – Persistently high levels of blood glucose increases the risk of plaque build-up.1

  • Obesity

    – Obesity increases the risk for diabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol.1

  • Cholesterol

    – High levels of LDL (low-density lipoprotein) (“bad”) cholesterol or low levels of HDL (high-density lipoprotein) (“good”) cholesterol increase the risk of heart disease. After menopause, LDL levels tend to rise and HDL to fall.1

  • High blood pressure

    – Anything above 120/80 mmHg raises the risk.1